Sonia hosts dinner for party MPs and their spouses
Mar 11, 2010
Madhu Purnima Kishwar <em>The writer is founder-editor, ‘Manushi’, and professor, CSDS, ... read more
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There is a long-term plan to extend this reservation to parliament and legislative assemblies.    Its opponents consider this preferential treatment of women in India as discrimination against them in admissions to schools, colleges, and universities.
The validity of all the above four amendments was challenged in the Supreme Court through various petitions clubbed together in M. Nagaraj & Others vs. Union of India & Others , mainly on the ground that these altered the Basic Structure of the Constitution . In 2006, the Supreme Court upheld the amendments but stipulated that the concerned state will have to show, in each case, the existence of "compelling reasons" - which include "backwardness", "inadequacy of representation" and overall "administrative efficiency - before making provisions for reservation. The court further held that these provisions are merely enabling provisions . If a state government wishes to make provisions for reservation to SC/STs in promotion, the state has to collect quantifiable data showing backwardness of the class and inadequacy of representation of that class.