Trueland, Jennifer. “A bid for freedom: nurses are working to reduce the use of physical restraint in care homes.” Nursing Standard . (2012): 22. Print.
Global Initiative to End All Corporal Punishment of Children
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Whether or not parents had spanked their child in the past week was related to children’s antisocial behaviour two years later, regardless of the child’s prior levels of antisocial behaviour. The fixed effects model showed that there was a similar-sized negative effect for both low and high levels of corporal punishment. There were no effects of gender, ethnicity or socio-economic status on this relationship between parental punishment and children’s antisocial behaviour. The study concluded that even low and common levels of spanking were associated with increases in antisocial behaviour. Unlike studies using other statistical methods, this study suggests that the effect of punishment on behaviour is not linear, and challenges the assumption that only frequent and severe punishment is associated with harmful effects.