Another class of drugs found on college campuses includes over-the-counter drugs like cough medicines containing dextromethorphan or DXM, such as Nyquil or hundreds of others. These are easy to obtain as they are legal and can be bought at the corner store or found in a medicine cabinet. Abusers may drink an entire bottle or down all the pills in one sitting in order to feel a buzz and an out-of-body type experience. More than one in 10 teenagers have reported trying this, according to a Partnership Attitude Tracking Survey . While these drugs can cause dizziness, nausea and loss of motor control on their own, most are also combined with an antihistamine or other ingredient which can cause even more side effects.
How do we defend the claim that an item of reasoning should be labeled as a particular fallacy? A major goal in the field of informal logic is provide some criteria for each fallacy. Schwartz presents the challenge this way:
Several studies have shown that peer groups are powerful agents of risk behaviors in adolescence . Adolescents typically replace family with peers regarding social and leisure activities, and many problematic behaviors occur in the context of these groups. A study done in 2012 focused on adolescents’ engagement in risk behaviors. Participants completed a self-report measure of identity commitment, which explores values, beliefs, and aspirations, as well as a self-report that measures perceived peer group pressure and control. Both peer group pressure and control were positively related to risky behaviors. However, adolescents who were more committed to a personal identity had lower rates of risk behaviors. Overall, this study shows us that adolescent identity development may help prevent negative effects of peer pressure in high-risk adolescents. 
Fallacies . A fallacy is a kind of error in reasoning. The list of fallacies below contains 223 names of the most common fallacies , and it provides brief ...
Learn a new word every day. Delivered to your inbox!
All opinions and content expressed on TeXT belong solely to the students who publish in this space.