Over the last two-and-a-half years, one of my top priorities has been to identify and expand areas of common interest, to work with China to build mutual trust, and to encourage China’s active efforts in global problem-solving. This is why Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner and I launched the Strategic and Economic Dialogue , the most intensive and expansive talks ever between our governments, bringing together dozens of agencies from both sides to discuss our most pressing bilateral issues, from security to energy to human rights.
Malthus emphasises the difference between government-supported welfare, and public charity. He proposed the gradual abolition of poor laws by gradually reducing the number of persons qualifying for relief. Relief in dire distress would come from private charity.  He reasoned that poor relief acted against the longer-term interests of the poor by raising the price of commodities and undermining the independence and resilience of the peasant. [ citation needed ] In other words, the poor laws tended to "create the poor which they maintain." 
The last time significant public investment was seriously on the policy radar was in the early 1990s, when Bill Clinton made a program of public investment (“putting people first”) a cornerstone of his 1992 presidential campaign. This embrace was driven at least in part by a growing economics literature arguing that deficient public investment could explain a significant part of the rapid deceleration in productivity growth that characterized the post-1973 . economy (see Figure A ). Between 1947 and 1973—when growth in the real (inflation-adjusted) stock of public capital averaged percent—productivity growth averaged more than percent. 4 But between 1973 and 1995, when growth in the real public capital stock fell nearly in half, to percent, productivity growth slowed to just percent. This “great productivity slowdown” was one of the most vexing economic and policy issues of this period.
Women with fewer children and better access to market employment tend to join the labor force in higher percentages. There is a reduced demand for child labor and children spend more years in school. The increase in the percentage of women in the labor force in the . contributed to economic growth, as did the entrance of the baby boomers into the work force.  See: Spending wave